Welsh Pony Breed Description
|Height||Not exceeding 13.2 hands high.|
|General Character||Spirited, hardy and pony-like. It is a riding pony with quality, riding action, adequate bone, and pony character.|
|Colour||Any colour, except piebald and skewbald (pinto).|
|Head and Neck||The head is small and clean-cut. It tapers to the muzzle. The nostrils are prominent and open. The ears are small, pointed and well placed, well up on the head, and proportionately close. The jaws and throat are clean and fine, with ample room at the angle of the jaw. The neck is lengthy and well carried. In the case of mares, the neck is moderately lean, and in stallions, it is crested.|
|Forehand||The shoulders are long and sloping well back. The withers are moderately fine. The forelegs are not set in under the body. They are set square and true. The forearms are long and strong, and the knees are well developed. There is short, flat bone below the knees, and pasterns of proportionate slope and length. The hoofs are round and dense.|
|Body||The back and loins are muscular, strong and well-coupled. The ribs are well-sprung. The girth is deep.|
|Hindquarters||The Welsh Pony’s hindquarters are lengthy and fine, and the tail is well set on and carried jauntily. The hindlegs are not too bent. The hocks are large, flat and clean, and don’t turn inwards or outwards. The pasterns are of proportionate slope and length. The hoofs are well-shaped and dense.|
|Action||Quick and free, the action is well out in front and straight from the shoulder. The hocks are well flexed with straight and powerful leverage, and well under the body.|
Welsh Pony Breed History
The Welsh Pony and Cob Society Stud Book is divided into four sections: two for ponies and two for cobs. The smallest of these, the Welsh Mountain Pony, occupies Section A. Section B is comprised of the next largest, the Welsh Pony. There are also the Welsh Pony of Cob Type (Section C), and the Welsh Cob (Section D), which is the largest.
The Welsh Pony, Section B, is a larger version of the Welsh Mountain Pony, which has been in existence in Wales since prehistoric times. The Welsh Pony has the same hardiness, strength and hard, flinty bone as the Welsh Mountain Pony, plus it has a very good temperament. It is more refined and has more quality and riding action than the Mountain Pony, and is very popular as a children’s riding pony.
Welsh Ponies were originally bred by Welsh farmers, and were used for transportation and herding livestock in mountainous pastures. Over the years the breed has been upgraded by the infusion of Arabian and Thoroughbred blood. A major genetic influence on the Welsh Pony was the Thoroughbred stallion, Merlin, who ran wild on the hills of Denbighshire, Wales in the 18th century. He was a direct descendent of the Darley Arabian.